Aims and Scope
Incidence Rate and Time to Occurrence of Renal Impairment and Chronic Kidney Disease among Thai HIV-infected Adults with Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate UseJirayu Visuthranukul, Thanapoom Rattananupong, Phenphop Phansuea, Narin Hiransuthikul
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is a major antiretroviral therapy for Thai human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected adults. TDF is associated with a decrease in renal function. There is limited data about the use of TDF with the incidence and time to renal impairment and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Thai HIV-infected adults.
To study the association of TDF with the incidence rate and duration of renal impairment and CKD in Thai patients.
A retrospective cohort study in Thai naïve HIV-infected adults was conducted to compare the incidence rate and time to renal impairment and CKD in TDF and non-TDF groups. The incidence rate was analyzed by person-time. Time to renal impairment and CKD were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests.
A total of 1,400 patients were enrolled. The incidence rates of renal impairment in TDF and non-TDF groups were 27.66/1,000 and 5.54/1,000 person-years. The rate ratio was 4.99 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.66–9.35). The incidence rates of CKD in both groups were not significantly different. Themean difference of eGFR between the TDF and non-TDF groups was 1.92 ml/min/1.73 m2 (p = 0.022). Time to onset of renal impairment between the TDF and non-TDF groups was found to differ by approximately 20 months.
The incidence rate of renal impairment was about five times higher in the TDF group. A rapid decline of eGFR occurred in the first 2–3 years of treatment. Therefore, the renal function of HIV-infected patients should be monitored so that the severity of renal impairment could be evaluated and CKD could be prevented.
October 18, 2021
- October 18, 2021
- July 13, 2021
- March 22, 2021
- February 15, 2021
- February 16, 2021
- June 18, 2021
Association between Higher CD32a+CD4+ T Cell Count and Viral Load in the Peripheral Blood of HIV-infected PatientsNatalia A. Arsentieva, Oleg K. Batsunov, Alexander V. Semenov, Igor V. Kudryavtsev, Elena V. Esaulenko, Ekaterina V. Boeva, Alexey Y. Kovelenov, Areg A. Totolian
The significance of CD32a receptor expression in individuals infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is currently unclear. Previously, B. Descours et al. (2017) concluded that in patients infected with HIV-1, CD32a is expressed on resting T cells that contain HIV DNA. According to the authors, these cells are reservoirs for inducible, replication-competent viruses. However, other studies have reported that CD32a expression is associated with activated T cells and is not a marker of HIV-1 reservoirs. The aims of this study were: to determine the significance of the CD32a marker in HIV infection, to assess its expression on T helper (Th) subpopulations in peripheral blood of HIV-infected individuals and to clarify the relationship between this expression and viral load.
For comparative analysis, the following groups were used: 27 HIV-infected patients; 11 individuals with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection; 16 individuals with Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection; and 13 healthy donors. Peripheral blood served as the study material. The expression of CD32a receptor on Th cell subpopulations was assessed using flow cytometry. Nonparametric statistical methods were used for data analysis.
It was found that relative CD32a+ Th cell counts in HIV-infected individuals significantly exceeded corresponding values in other groups: healthy individuals (p<0.0001), those with HCV infection (p=0.0008) and those with HBV infection (p <0.0001). Among the Th subpopulations in HIV-infected patients, the CD32a receptor was predominantly expressed on Th1 cells (p<0.0001) and Th2 cells (p<0.0001), compared with Th17. We found a strong, direct correlation (r=0.78; p<0.0001) between viral load and CD32a+CD4+ T cell count in peripheral blood of HIV-infected individuals.
Thus, our results provide evidence that the CD32a receptor can serve as a marker of HIV infection, and its expression depends on viral load. Clinical material was used here, for the first time, to show that CD32a is predominantly expressed on Th1 and Th2 cells.
July 13, 2021
- May 23, 2020
- May 31, 2019
- April 30, 2019