Using HIV Surveillance Data to Monitor Missed Opportunities for Linkage and Engagement in HIV Medical Care
Jeanne Bertolli*, 1, R Luke Shouse1, Linda Beer1, Eduardo Valverde1, Jennifer Fagan1, Samuel M Jenness2, Afework Wogayehu 3, Christopher Johnson 1, Alan Neaigus 2, Daniel Hillman 4, Maria Courogen 4, Kathleen A Brady 6, Barbara Bolden 3Author Comment: for the Never In Care Project
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2012
Issue: Suppl 1
First Page: 131
Last Page: 141
Publisher ID: TOAIDJ-6-131
Article History:Received Date: 14/4/2011
Revision Received Date: 14/9/2011
Acceptance Date: 17/10/2011
Electronic publication date: 7/9/2012
Collection year: 2012
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
Monitoring delayed entry to HIV medical care is needed because it signifies that opportunities to prevent HIV transmission and mitigate disease progression have been missed. A central question for population-level monitoring is whether to consider a person linked to care after receipt of one CD4 or VL test. Using HIV surveillance data, we explored two definitions for estimating the number of HIV-diagnosed persons not linked to HIV medical care. We used receipt of at least one CD4 or VL test (definition 1) and two or more CD4 or VL tests (definition 2) to define linkage to care within 12 months and within 42 months of HIV diagnosis. In five jurisdictions, persons diagnosed from 12/2006-12/2008 who had not died or moved away and who had zero, or less than two reported CD4 or VL tests by 7/31/2010 were considered not linked to care under definitions 1 and 2, respectively. Among 13,600 persons followed up for 19-42 months; 1,732 (13%) had no reported CD4 or VL tests; 2,332 persons (17%) had only one CD4 or VL test and 9,536 persons (70%) had two or more CD4 or VL tests. To summarize, after more than 19 months, 30% of persons diagnosed with HIV had less than two CD4 or VL tests; more than half of them were considered to have entered care if entering care is defined as having one CD4 or VL test. Defining linkage to care as a single CD4 or VL may overestimate entry into care, particularly for certain subgroups.