RESEARCH ARTICLE


The Relationships Between Early Maladaptive Schemas, Quality of Life and Self-care Behaviors in a Sample of Persons Living with HIV: The Potential Mediating Role of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies



SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi1, Mehrzad MohsseniPour1, Elahe Aghaei2, Fariba Zarani2, Jalil Fathabadi2, *, Mona Mohammadifirouzeh 3
1 Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 George Mason University, School of Nursing, 4400 University Dr, Fairfax, VA 22030, United States


© 2020 SeyedAlinaghi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; E-mail: fathabadi51@gmail.com


Abstract

Introduction:

People who are living with HIV often experience physical as well as psychological challenges. Therefore, the aim of this descriptive, correlational study was to explore the potential mediating role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies in the relationships between early maladaptive schemas, quality of life, and self-care behavior in patients with HIV/AIDS.

Methods:

In the first half of 2017, patients with HIV/AIDS (N=240) were recruited from an HIV clinic in Tehran, Iran. A self-report questionnaire included the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form (YSQSF), Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), short form of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), and a self-care behaviors questionnaire. The data analysis involved using advanced statistical techniques for structural equation modeling.

Results:

There were significant, inverse relationships between all five areas of early maladaptive schemas and positive cognitive emotional regulation strategies, self-care behaviors, and quality of life. Also, there were significant, positive relationships between all five areas of early maladaptive schemas and negative cognitive and emotional regulation strategies.

Conclusion:

The findings suggest that practical interventions to reduce maladaptive responses may result in healthier outcomes for persons living with HIV.

Keywords: Maladaptive schemas, Quality of life, Self-care behaviors, Cognitive emotion regulation, HIV, Structural equation modeling.