Treatment Outcome and Adverse Events of Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Based Regimens as Compared to Zidovudine Based Regimens Among People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

Adane Teshome Kefale1, *, Tegene Legese Dadi1, Tessema Tsehay Biru1, Teshale Ayele Mega2
1 College of Health Sciences, Mizan-Tepi University, Tepi, Ethiopia
2 Institute of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

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© 2018 Kefale et al..

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of pharmacy, College of Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Tepi, Ethiopia, Tel: +251921465244; E-mails:;



Findings from different studies report inferior clinical and virologic efficacy with TDF/3TC/NVP. But, some studies show that, there was no statistically significant difference in mortality among ZDV and TDF based regimens. The objective of this review was to systematically identify, appraise and synthesize the best available evidence on efficacy and safety of TDF based regimen as compared to ZDV based regimens.


A three-step search strategy was used to locate published and unpublished studies. First, an initial limited search of google was undertaken followed by analysis of text words. A second extensive search was undertaken. We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Medline, and CINHAL. We did the initial search for articles on July 11-18, 2016, and updated the results on May 13, 2017.Third, the reference lists of all identified articles was searched for additional studies.


ZDV based regimens had better outcome on prevention of mortality (OR=1.31, 95%CI (1.14, 1.50), I2 = 0%, Chi2 = 2.51), and lower virologic failure (OR = 1.44, 95% CI [1.18, 1.76], chi2 = 5.91, P= 0.003, I2 =83%) while, TDF based regimens were more tolerable (OR=0.15, 95%CI (0.08, 0.30), I2 = 40%, Chi2 = 3.31). The difference in incidence of opportunistic infection is not significant (OR = 0.83, 95% CI [0.52, 1.32], chi2 = 0.11, P= 0.42, I2 =0%).


There is lower mortality and lower virologic failure in ZDV group, but better safety profile among TDF based regimens.

Keywords: Tenofovir, TDF, Zidovudine, HIV/AIDS, Treatment outcome, ZDV group.