Knowledge of Pregnant Women on Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Yaoundé



Anne-CIrènecile Zoung-Kanyi Bissek1, Irène Emah Yakana2, Franscisca Monebenimp3, Guillaume Chaby4, Linda Akondeng5, Samuel A Angwafor6, Catherine Lok4, Alfred K Njamnshi*, 1, Walinjom F.T Muna1
1 FMSB Department of Internal Medicine, University of Yaounde I. Cameroon
2 EPI Centre Region, Cameroon
3 FMBS, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon
4 Dermatology Unit, CHU d’Amiens Sud, France
5 UNICEF Yaoundé; Cameroon
6 Batibo District Hospital, Batibo, Cameroon


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© Zoung-Kanyi Bissek et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the FMSB, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon; Tel: +237 761 99 64; Fax: +237 22 31 12 24; E-mail: aknjamnshi@yahoo.co.uk


Abstract

Introduction:

Mother–to-child transmission of HIV is a major public health problem in Cameroon. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge of pregnant women on HIV transmission and prevention, particularly the four pillars of mother-to-child transmission.

Materials and Methods:

This was a descriptive cross-sectional study from October 2008 to January 2009 at the Yaoundé Gynaecology-Obstetrics and Pediatric Hospital. All women presenting at the Ante-Natal Care (ANC) Clinic for the first time were included in the study after obtaining a verbal informed consent.

Results:

The ages of the 260 women included in the study ranged from 15 to 42 years. Almost 99% (257/260) of the women interviewed had heard about HIV. Respectively, 80.5% (209/260), 89.3% (232/260) and 81.2% (211/260) of the women cited pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding as risk periods for HIV transmission from mother to child. Use of the male condom, the female condom, abstinence, and faithfulness to a single partner were considered as effective methods of HIV prevention by 73% (190/260), 76% (198/260), 88% (229/260) and 46% (120/260) of respondents respectively. About 79% (64/81) of participants with higher education considered HIV infection to be contagious as opposed to 45.5% (5/11) of women with no formal education (P = 0.008).

Conclusion:

Our data suggest that women have some good knowledge on the Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. Nevertheless, improving the formal educational level of these women may contribute to a further reduction of HIV transmission.

Keywords: Mother, child, transmission, HIV, education..