RESEARCH ARTICLE


HIV/AIDS Awareness, Attitudes and Risk Behavior Among University Students in Wuhan, China



Madelene Albrektsson1, Louise Alm1, Xiaodong Tan2, Rune Andersson*, 1, 3
1 Department of Infectious Diseases, Institute of Biomedicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
2 School of Public Health, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
3 Research and Development Centre, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden


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© Albrektsson et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Research and Development Centre, Skaraborg Hospital, SE-541 85 Skövde, Sweden; Tel: +46 500-431137; Fax: +46 500 431121;E-mail: rune.andersson@vgregion.se


Abstract

Background:

In China, the estimated number of HIV positives in 2007 was 700,000 and the epidemic continues to expand. Because of their attitudes towards sexual behavior, young people are considered to be a group at high risk.

Methods:

Eight hundred sixty-eight undergraduate students at Wuhan University were selected through stratified cluster sampling, to answer a questionnaire. They were divided into three main groups: Chinese medical students, foreign medical students and Chinese students from other faculties. Fourteen interviews were conducted in addition.

Results:

Ninety-nine percent of the students had heard of HIV/AIDS and 76% of the students could distinguish HIV from AIDS. The main route of transmission was believed by the Chinese students to be blood transfusion and sexual intercourse by the foreign medical students. The female students knew more about the routes of transmission than the male students. Medical students had a higher level of knowledge than non-medical students, and among the medical students, the foreign students were more knowledgeable than the Chinese students. Only 8 % of the students were sexually active.

Conclusion:

The students had an accepting attitude towards people living with HIV and no extensive risk behavior. Overall, the knowledge level was found to be moderate.

Keywords: HIV, AIDS, information, epidemic, ethnic..