RESEARCH ARTICLE

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding HIV and AIDS among High School Learners in South Africa

Thanduxolo Fana1 , * Open Modal Authors Info & Affiliations
The Open AIDS Journal 22 December 2021 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/1874613602115010084

Abstract

Background:

Globally, millions are infected with HIV/AIDS, and more than half of them are adolescents aged between 12-25 years. Inadequate knowledge, negative attitudes, and risky practices are major barriers to HIV/AIDS prevention. This study seeks to establish the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding HIV/AIDS among high school learners in South Africa.

Methods:

Data were collected from a randomly selected sample of 422 learners from two high schools using pre-tested questionnaires. Data were analysed using SPSS version 16.

Results:

Participants had good HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, and practice levels, however, misconceptions about transmission, negative attitudes, and risky behaviour or practices were also found. Knowledge was associated with age, social status, and sources of information. Attitudes were associated with gender, age, race, social status and sources of information. Practices were associated with age, race, social class, and sources of information (p = < 0.05).

Conclusion:

Sex education (life orientation) in school and HIV/AIDS awareness programs in communities need to be intensified in order to rectify misconceptions, negative and discriminatory attitudes, unsafe and risky practices, as schools and healthcare workers were found to be the main source of HIV/AIDS information.

Keywords: Attitudes, High school, HIV and AIDS, Knowledge, Learners, Practice.
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